Dietary fiber – that sounds negative at first, like something superfluous, worthless. In fact, the body cannot use these indigestible food components. This is because they are structural and support substances or indigestible fibers from plant-based foods (such as parts of the shell of grain or fruit) that the body cannot use to generate energy, which is why it excretes them again. But these substances have many beneficial effects, such as a digestive and preventive effect, for our body, without which it cannot do. Nevertheless, these plant substances are extremely important. There are various types of Dietary Fiber about which you can know in the paragraphs below.
Types of Dietary Fiber, mainly of two types-
Types of Dietary fiber are as follows
They act as a swelling substance by binding large amounts of water. In the large intestine, soluble fiber is broken down by bacteria living there into short-chain fatty acids and gases; both of which make the stool (waste) softer and the stool volume increases. This enables rapid, regular emptying of the stomach without pushing it.
At the same time, the dietary fiber serves as food for the bacteria, which means they can multiply well. This also increases the stool volume, because an estimated 60 percent of it is made up of bacterial cells.
Insoluble fiber binds much less water than soluble fiber, but it is hardly broken down by the bacteria, which increases the thickness of stool. A bulky stool stimulates the movements of the intestine, which in turn accelerates the transport of food residues and their elimination.
Benefits of consuming/eating fibers?
As indigestible fillers, dietary fiber “dilutes” the energy content of food and thus promotes satiety. They also cause food to be chewed longer and better and make blood sugar rise more slowly. These are all good prerequisites for getting or staying slim.
While the insoluble fiber can stimulate bowel movements and alleviate common problems such as constipation, the soluble fiber plays an important role in the metabolism in particular. For example, they can lower blood lipid levels and help the body get rid of cholesterol. Because fiber binds bile acids, so that these are excreted more, which in turn stimulates the production of new bile acids, whereby cholesterol is consumed. In addition, fiber also helps in preventing type 2 diabetes, colon and prostate cancer.
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